With domestic animals or animals in the zoo, the photographer generally has the confidence of the animal and a lens in the range of 50-200 mm may be sufficient. When animals are in cages a very large aperture should be tried to give a very low depth of field, as this may help to give a blurred background to reduce any interference such as cages or other intrusive objects.
Many people believe that bad weather is the time to stay at home and wish for better weather. No, bad weather is the time to get out and take pictures. Many bad weather conditions can actually enhance your images. When it is very cloudy, the flat lighting is excellent for photographing people or animals. The flat lighting is very flattering to the subject as the contrast is low. Foggy and misty conditions can add a moody feeling to your images. Moody foggy lighting can be excellent for landscapes.
Abstract photography sometimes can also be alligned with minimalistic photography. This type of photography is generally referred to photography which captures different perspectives, shapes or patterns. Sometimes this type of photography can also be classified in the category of fine art prints. The idea is to capture an element which transforms something familiar into an images which may be intriguing and captures the imagination. The abstract photograph may not be recognisable as to its real existance.
Macro photography is taking close up pictures of small objects. Generally the best camera for Macro photography is the Single Lens Reflex (SLR), as the view through the viewfinder is the same as that which appears on the cameras sensor. Here we will also consider some of the method to get close up and some of the formulae used in close up photography, when using dioptre lenses, extension tubes and bellows units.